Even the best hay and haylage contains many respirable particles such as bacteria, mould, yeast and fungal spores. All these so-called respirable particles are very difficult to eliminate. Some people believe that by watering, wetting, rinsing or soaking their hay they are removing the dust and solving the problem. Unfortunately, this does not address the problem fully.
Agroscope's comparative study (2016) has revealed that long soaked hay is not suitable for feeding. Indeed, as a result of soaking, the bacteria content increases on the one hand and the sugar content decreases on the other. By steaming with Haygain, the bacteria content can be reduced.
Agroscope is the Swiss centre of excellence for agricultural research, and is affiliated with the Federal Office for Agriculture (FOAG). You can find the entire study here and our translation to English here.
Dampens down 90% of the respirable particles ¹ ² ³
Dramatically increases bacterial content
(10 minute soak = 150% increase) ⁴ ⁵
Reduces hygiene quality ⁴ ⁵
Reduces palatability ⁶ ⁷
Leaches lots of valuable nutrients out of the hay ⁸ ⁹
Produces a post-soak liquid
(which is 9 times more polluting than raw sewage) ¹⁰
Uses 60-100 litres of water
Laborious, messy, heavy to handle
Reduces respirable particles by 98% ¹ ² ³
Dramatically reduces bacteria and mould content
(by up to 99%) ⁴ ⁵
Improves hygiene quality ⁴ ⁵
Improves palatability ⁶ ⁷
Retains nutritional value ⁸ ⁹
No toxic outflows produced ¹⁰
Uses ~ 4 litres of water
Clean, easy, no difference in weight
When using a homemade steamer, the steam is going from the outside-in and will be lost through the non-insulated walls (especially during winter). Without fully penetrating the hay and steaming it at a temperature of at least 90ºC for a minimum of 10 minutes, the hay will become an incubator of pathogenic bacteria, yeast, mould and fungi.
Haygain's patented and proven manifold spike system was designed to inject steam from the inside-out and ensures all of the hay is steamed evenly. Its insulated hay chest is attached to a purpose-built steam generator that steams the hay for 60 minutes at temperatures that reach 100ºC. This effectively eliminates harmful mould, fungal spores, bacteria and dust mites.
1. Stockdale, C and Moore-Colyer, M.J.S (2010) Steaming hay for horses: The effect of three different treatments on the respirable particle numbers in hay treated in the Haygain steamer. European Workshop for Equine Nutrition, Cirencester, Sept 2010. The Impact of nutrition on the health and welfare of horses. EAAP publication No. 128. Ed Ellis, A., Longland, A.C., Coenen, M and Miraglia, N. p136-138
2. Moore-Colyer, M.J.S and Fillery, B.G. (2012) The Effect of three different treatments on the respirable particle content, total viable count and mould concentrations in hay for horses. 6th European Workshop for Equine Nutrition, Lisbon, Portugal, June. 101- 106.
3. Moore-Colyer, M.J.S. Taylor, J. and James, R (2015). The effect of steaming and soaking on the respirable particle, bacteria, mould and nutrient content in hay for horses. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science. Aug 2015
4. Moore-Colyer, M.J.S. Taylor, J. and James, R (2015). The effect of steaming and soaking on the respirable particle, bacteria, mould and nutrient content in hay for horses. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science. Aug 2015
5. Wyss, U. and Pradervand, N. (2016) Steaming or Soaking. Agroscope Science. Nr 32 p32-33
6. Moore-Colyer, M.J.S. and Payne, V. (2012) Palatability and ingestion behaviour of 6 polo ponies offered a choice of dry, soaked and steamed hay for 1 hour on three separate occasions. Advances in Animal Biosciences. Healthy Food from Healthy Animals. Vol 3 part 1. 127
7. Brown, E., Tracey, S and Gowers, I. (2013) An investigation to determine the palatability of steamed hay, dry hay and haylage. Proceedings of British Society of Animal Science Conference, Nottingham April 2013. p 104
8. James, R. and Moore-Colyer, M.J.S. (2013) Hay for horses: The nutrient content of hay before and after steam treatment in a commercial hay steamer. Proceedings of British Society of Animal Science Conference, Nottingham April 2013.
9. Moore-Colyer, M.J.S. Taylor, J. and James, R (2015). The effect of steaming and soaking on the respirable particle, bacteria, mould and nutrient content in hay for horses. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science. Aug 2015
10. Warr EM, Petch JL (1992) Effects of soaking hay on its nutritional quality. Eq.Vet.Edu. 5:169–171.